Saan ( Saake) Bushmen Mogwafatshe (Hut)

The Khoesān-speaking indigenous hunter-gatherers established the first nations of Southern Africa, and their territories span Botswana, Namibia, Angola, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Lesotho, and South Africa. Their genetic structure is the oldest known mitochodrial DNA lineage of modern humans. The entire human population of Earth has descended from the ancestors of these African peoples around 60,000 years ago. The design of Saan Bushman house shown here, the "Mogwafatshe", is the earliest known human-made shelter as well as that responding to the environmental conditions of Southern Africa, and is a good candidate for the archetypal architecture of ancestors of everyone.

Elevation of the Kalahari Desert, a primary habitat, is c. 1000 meters (3,281feet) above sea level.

Materials: tied tree branches, twigs, thatch fiber ropes, and thatch roof.

Data for CG model:
1. Michael Hennigan, Editor and Founder of Finfacts
Feb 18, 2007; The National Geographic and IBM's Genographic Project: Charting the migratory history of the human species.
2. Schuster, S., Miller, W., Ratan, A. et al. Complete Khoisan and Bantu genomes from southern Africa. Nature 463, 943–947 (2010).

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© 2009, Dennis R. Holloway Architect